The biggest energy story of all time.
“We believe, as many others do, that the most prolific remaining conventional oil and gas resources are in the Arctic or sub-Arctic, because we’ve pretty much developed the geologies south, whether that’s in the United States or whether that’s in Europe or Asia,” Shell's CEO john Hofmeister said recently.
Russia is to miss out on the biggest oilfields of the Arctic Commons.
Who owns the Arctic Commons vast oil and gas resources?
The US Company, United Oil and Gas Consortium Management Corp. and its partners, including Arctic Oil and Gas Corp., (AOAG.PK) (30% interest) assert that they do.
LINK: RECENT ARCTIC OIL NEWS
The Arctic Commons Abyssal Claim is a potential nation-saving energy resource.
· Unique long-term opportunity to carve out an entire nation-sized remote frontier basin region for major oil companies to operate in; for centuries.
· Vast area of approximately 1.3 million square kilometers, favorable geology; could hold numerous super-giant fields.
· Potential for enjoying no significant taxes or imposts, ever.
· Could be yours for 150 years or more. No need to rush programs to meet unrealistic tenement terms.
· Book possibly company-making reserves discoveries straight onto your books.
· Largest potential oil-gas sedimentary basins are adjacent to secure US Alaska and Canadian territories.
· No “Dead Money” exploration license auction fees. Spend your exploration budget finding oil.
· Direct supertanker access to US West Coast and PacRim markets via future icebreaker shuttle tankers to Dutch Harbor storage.
· No staff kidnapping risks.
· No corrupt third-world government officials to deal with.
· Minimal geological risk.
US COMPANY HAS A STRONG PRIOR LEGAL CLAIM TO THE ARCTIC OIL AND GAS
The US Government and oil companies currently have access to a strong prior claim to the Arctic Commons hydrocarbons through the US Nevada private company United Oil and Gas Consortium Management Corp., which made a solid international Arctic Commons hydrocarbons claim on May 9th 2006.
United Oil and Gas and partners has a Prior claim to the Arctic Commons hydrocarbons and has priority under customary international law.
Whoever controls United will have a much stronger claim to the arctic oil and gas than the flimsy Russian claim to what probably only represents 10-20% of the Arctic Commons potential, due to the smaller, shallow sub basins present within the disputed Russian Claim area.
United's Arctic Ocean Commons property is probably the world's biggest available oil prize of the 21st Century.
Away from the bogus Russian Claim region, in the center of the Arctic Ocean Commons Abyssal, (an area now controlled by United Oil and Gas) where the high organic oil layers are 2 miles thick, could hold the most super-giant oil deposits.
Arctic Commons hydrocarbons claim area.
KEY ISSUES the battle for Arctic oil
The world is running out of oil. No one has found a really decent field for the best part of 30 years. During the 10 years from 1985, global oil reserves grew by 3pc per year, as new fields were discovered. Last year, in contrast, reserves fell 0.55pc - despite the impetus of sky-high prices and massive extra drilling.
The last giant oil frontier on Earth is in the arctic. The ocean floor is believed to hold vast reserves of untapped oil and natural gas, which is expected to become accessible as climate change melts the ice.
Russia's bogus claim to the deep ocean floor beneath the Arctic ice cap has been dismissed by other countries with territories bordering the region.
It is the sort of gangsterism practiced by Russia’s government - and from the arbitrary and cruel behavior of President Putin towards those who disagree with him and criticize him, an alarming number of whom meet early deaths, that threatens the free world and makes governments and companies loath to deal with Russia for energy projects.
The free world should have its share of the vast energy reserves that lie beneath the Arctic without having to deal with Russia’s blackmailing regime.
The world’s great shipbuilders are poring over designs for ice-breaking supertankers. Canada is spending billions on gunboats. Last week Russia planted its flag on the seabed beneath the North Pole.
The next cold war has already started and this one will be frozen. The battle for the mineral treasures of the Arctic will not only last for decades, it will be fought in temperatures below -40C, amid bone-chilling blizzards and unrelieved winter darkness.
At stake in this outbreak of polar posturing is not just patriotic pride, but access to what geologists believe are a quarter of the globe’s oil and gas reserves - in short, the solution to the crippling energy shortages that will begin throttling western economies within the next two decades.
“Experts say after 2016, oil production will drop tremendously,” said Anatoly Opekunov, deputy director of Russia’s Research Institute for Ocean Geology and Mineral Resources. “Every country, including Russia and the US, is thinking about this.”
In Washington last month, a group of US civilian and military agencies held a three-day meeting to discuss the economic, ecological and political consequences of increasing Arctic exploration.
The biggest energy prize today is still Oil and increasingly Gas -- especially the world's largest still untapped and undeveloped reserves, of which United's Arctic Ocean's Commons region represents probably the biggest prize ever to be made available to the world's independent oil and gas companies.
RUSSIA’S BOGUS CLAIM IS WITHOUT LEGAL FOUNDATION
Though each Arctic nation has a 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone from their shores, sovereignty beyond those lines isn't always clear. To validate their jurisdiction over seabeds, they must submit scientific evidence to a United Nations body that proves the area in question is a natural prolongation of their continental shelf.
Current UNCLOS laws grant countries an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles beyond their land borders.
This zone can be extended where a country can prove that the structure of the gentle continental shelf is similar to the geological structure within its territory.
The North Pole and arctic abyssal is not currently regarded as part of any single country's territory and is therefore theoretically administered by the virtually moribund International Seabed Authority.
Under international law, five Arctic countries — Canada, Russia, the United States, Norway and Denmark — control an economic zone within 320 kilometres of their continental shelf. But the definition of the outer limits of that shelf are in dispute.
Russia’s claim for extended territory does not qualify under UNCLOS rules as the narrow volcanic Lomonosov Ridge is not in any way shape or form an extension of the continental shelf of Russia. This is a fantasy idea invented by Russia and in no way fits the geological facts on the ground. Putin is the laughing stock of the world geologists.
In December 2001, Moscow claimed that the ridge was an extension of the Eurasian continent, and therefore part of Russia's continental shelf under international law. The UN already firmly rejected Moscow's application, citing lack of evidence, but Russia is set to resubmit it in 2009.
Russia’s bogus UNCLOS claim to more than one million square kilometers of Artic seabed was turned down in 2001 for lack of any evidence whatsoever to prove that the Lomonosov Ridge, an underwater volcanic spreading ridge remnant that runs through the much deeper Arctic abyssal, was an extension of Russia’s own shallow and already vast continental shelf. The submarine mission was sent to collect samples from the seabed to make a sound geological case for that claim. A very difficult task given it is a separate geological spreading seafloor volcanic ridge in very deep waters and not anything like a continental shelf at all.
Under the UN Law of the Sea treaty, a country’s claim to the mineral resources of the seabed may extend up to 200 miles beyond the end of its continental shelf, giving Russia, Canada, the US, Norway and Denmark a share each, with Russia already controlling the world’s largest EEZ.
Russia’s bogus claim beyond the 200 mile zone, however, is based on the entire Arctic Commons seabed being part of its own continental shelf. A claim without legal foundation and not supported by the geology on the abyssal seafloor.
Russia is not a good environmental steward.
Russia: despite, or perhaps because of, possessing one of the lowest population densities in the world, it has wreaked easily the most environmental havoc and misery of any country on earth. From Kamchatka to the Gulf of Finland, Russia is still a land of acid rain, heavy metals and plutonium. Stick a pin in a map of Russia and you are likely to alight upon a poisoned river or the rusting hulk of a nuclear submarine, an irradiated steppe, some chemically defoliated birch trees or a person with a life expectancy of 34 years.
Old already rejected Russian UN-LOST claim area goes way beyond the 350 mile limit
imposed under UNCLOS rules and does not cover any continental shelf extensions which are required before any claims can be considered.
UN INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY (ISA).
ISA was set up to control development of the worlds undersea minerals resources within international waters. It has been a complete failure to date.
The Seabed authority is in disarray having come under relentless attack for not protecting the rights of humanity from encroachments like that planned by Russia.
There are increasing calls for the disbandment of the seabed authority in its current form so as to allow private enterprise to take over the oceans minerals developments.
Free enterprise is responsible for all the worlds shipping, cruise lines and fishing which moves 95% of the world’s products and feeds millions of people.
There are increasing calls for the ISA treaty to be abrogated as it is a bad bargain for humanity and without customary legal foundation.
RUSSIA ALREADY HAS VAST UNDEVELOPED EEZ TO PLAY IN
Russia already controls the world’s largest continental shelf area within its huge 200 nm EEZ. Precious little development has taken place there despite it being estimated to contain 1,000 billion barrels of oil and gas.
Russia is trying a clumsy move to counter United’s Claim in order for Russia to grab the world’s energy supplies so as to hold the world hostage to it’s whim. Russia is already an energy superpower - it has by far the biggest gas reserves and, in oil export terms, is second only to the Saudis. Now it wants the Arctic too - home to around a quarter of the world's untapped oil and gas.
We have seen the bullying way in which Russia uses its energy resources to exert power over other nations, especially its neighbors.
Russia has little moral capital to spend on a further land grab. Russia could more wisely re-focus its energy on exploring and developing oil and gas within its own vast EEZ territory and not try and steal more resources from the international waters, an area owned by all of humanity and the world’s poor.
Russia is not a good resources steward. Russia has a long history of breaking its contracts with companies and states and stealing assets from legitimate owners.
ACTION ON THE GROUND
1. Canada is building 8 small, near useless token icebreakers.
2. US is building 2 new very heavy icebreakers.
3. Aurora Borealis a gigantic icebreaker drillship . Is being built by the European Union to drill in the 4,000 meter deep arctic abyssal.
4. Russia is converting a nuclear icebreaker into an arctic drillship.
UNITED's ARCTIC PLAN IS MORE SENSIBLE
United plans to Develop in a fair and responsible manner the arctic commons hydrocarbons, free from petty and corrupt state politics.
The United Arctic Consortium has declared itself a ”Responsible Oil and Gas Development Agent of "the common heritage of all mankind” in respect of the arctic Ocean Commons area.
The central portion of the Arctic Ocean covering an area of approximately 2,000,000 square kilometers is outside the United Nations agreed Exclusive Economic Zone, (EEZ) area controlled by the five surrounding nations and thus a Commons area in international waters belonging to all humanity. It is within this “Arctic Oceans Commons” region that the United Arctic Consortium proposes to develop a potentially large multinational oil and gas resource industry.
The Arctic Ocean Commons area surrounding and now covered by the rapidly retreating Arctic ice is widely believed to contain substantial petroleum resources and could offer great rewards to humanity which is entering a new era of global energy shortage and dangerous energy competition. All told, one quarter of the world's undiscovered oil and gas resources lies in the Arctic, according to the United States Geological Survey. It is vital that the Arctic oil and gas resources are carefully managed in this highly valuable, yet vulnerable, region. Unplanned and uncoordinated Arctic development could put the environment and people’s lives at unnecessary risk.
Very large risk capital amounts will be required to develop the Arctic Ocean Commons oil and gas in a way so as to protect the environment and currently individual governments, the United Nations or other governmental institutions, are currently unable or unwilling to provide.
Because of the extreme operating environment and delicate ecology it would be preferable for one overarching strong commercially responsible globally represented organization to manage and develop the Arctic resources. This will eliminate the often illogical and sometimes dangerous compromises due to artificially prescribed national boundaries, lack of capital and expertise of governments and individual companies and-or narrow politically motivated restrictions.
The United Arctic Consortium has a viable politically, environmentally and commercially sound solution for easing the global energy emergency by careful shared development of the Arctic oil and Gas resources contained in the common Arctic Ocean area. The United Arctic Consortium has created a unique cooperative international development plan which benefits fairly all of the surrounded countries and effected parties, in effect making them responsible Arctic Commons resources development partners. At the same time providing for a technically and environmentally viable development consortium structure of like-minded oil and gas corporations to deliver promptly much needed energy supplies to the world markets, thus reducing friction between countries and contributing to the greater peace of mankind.
The Arctic Ocean Commons United Arctic Consortium cooperative development approach is the best possible solution forming the basis for an effective and long-term exploration of the petroleum resources in this important resource-rich area. The United Arctic Consortium invites suitably qualified oil and gas companies bordering the Arctic Ocean Commons region and from around the world to participate in the Consortium’s Arctic Commons oil and gas resources development. The United Arctic Consortium has an Arctic oil and gas development plan, which will ensure that a grouping of major private industry oil and gas companies in full consultation with governments will work together to ensure that much needed Arctic Oil and Gas will flow sooner to the benefit of all humanity.
GEOLOGY IS NOT IN RUSSIA’S FAVOR
Russia Missed the deepest most highly prospective Canada Basin, a huge sedimentary basin beyond the continental shelf EEZ of both Canada and the US but nowhere near Russia.
The Arctic Commons abyssal "Canada Basin" has gigantic deep oceanic sedimentary sections containing vast thickness of oil – precursor minerals.
Each of the Arctic Ocean surrounding countries have their own exclusive control over very large highly prospective offshore Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) within which they can arrange and control their own national oil and gas developments. Thus far it can hardly be said that any individual country has adequately developed those Arctic resources. Partially as a result mankind is facing increasing global energy insecurity and peril. Therefore Arctic region governments do not have any legitimate technical, financial or moral claim to the exclusive development of any part of the Common Arctic Ocean area, especially given the current global energy insecurity situation. Any narrow nationalistic Arctic claim beyond the 200 mile EEZ has no geological, moral or legal basis, especially given the general lack of energy development within each country's own EEZ areas.